Only from space can we see the full glow of the infrared sky. Most infrared radiation from the night sky is absorbed by water and carbon dioxide molecules in the Earth's atmosphere, however a lot of research can still be done on earth.
People explore space to find answers about the universe and life. However, there are many unanswered questions that we need to explore right here on our planet. Space exploration research on Earth is the next step in understanding our world and universe.
Research Through Telescopes
“The telescope is the most important space research apparatus, it can also provide an insight into which physical processes are at work in the universe..”
Space research telescopes can help us search for water and organic molecules in planets in other star systems and Milky Way Galaxy. Radio astronomy helps see invisible structures like galaxies and their dark matter or study pulsars and other phenomena in space
Using a powerful radar system, it is possible to detect radio signals reflected by nearby celestial bodies, such as the moon, nearby planets, some asteroids and comets, and Jupiter's larger moons. Radio interferometers allow astronomers to study objects in greater detail than individual parabolas. In this way, radio astronomers can obtain sharper images of stars and galaxies than optical observations. While scientists can learn a lot from the visible light they detect with traditional telescopes, they can detect a variety of objects and events, such as black holes, forming stars, planets about to be born, dying stars, and more. Use a radio telescope.
Infrared & Ultraviolet Spectrum Observations
“Radio wavelengths are as important as gamma rays, X-rays, ultraviolet, optical, and infrared when it comes to fully understanding the physics of astronomical sources.”
Because Earth's atmosphere absorbs most of the high-energy UV radiation, scientists use satellite data above the atmosphere that surrounds Earth to detect UV radiation from the sun and other astronomical objects. For example, the Hubble Space Telescope observes stars and galaxies primarily in near-ultraviolet light. While optical telescopes can see near-ultraviolet light, the ozone layer in the stratosphere absorbs ultraviolet radiation below 300 nanometres, so most ultraviolet astronomy is done by satellites.
Theoretical astronomers analyse, model, and theorize about systems and how they function and evolve. Theoretical astronomers model and analyse the possible evolution of systems. The development of astronomy is determined by both theoretical work and observations.